Careers in STEM: What are the most popular jobs?
If you are considering a STEM career or changing careers, you will probably want to know which roles offer the best opportunities and the best compensation packages.
Read on: We’ve rounded up some high-demand careers in science, technology, engineering, and math.
Agricultural, biological and biosystems engineers
Education: Bachelor’s degree in agricultural engineering or biomedical engineering
Median salary: $ 92,620 (biomedical engineer)
Global population growth and international economic competition impose the need to improve the efficiency of agricultural production. But protecting the environment is also important.
Agricultural engineers focus on the production and processing of our commercial food supply. They also work on issues related to the environment or technology related to food production.
Biomedical engineers focus on the design and maintenance of medical devices and equipment.
These careers combine science and technology to produce food and develop healthcare innovations. Employment in this field is expected to increase 6% through 2030, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
Information security analysts
Education: Bachelor’s degree in computer science, cybersecurity or a related field. Some employers prefer a master’s degree in business administration.
Median salary: $ 103,590
As cyber attacks multiply, organizations of all types and sizes are relying on cybersecurity to protect data from being hacked or lost. Banking, finance, healthcare and retail, which all collect and rely on sensitive customer data, must work to defend digital information about customers and businesses.
That’s why information security analysts and other cybersecurity roles are among the fastest growing jobs in STEM. From 2020 to 2030, the BLS predicts that employment in this field will increase by 33%.
Information security analysts monitor networks for security breaches. They also research the latest security strategies and trends to stay ahead of hackers and criminals.
Electrical and electronics engineers
Education: Bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering or electronic engineering, plus internships
Median salary: $ 103,390
New advancements such as 5G communication technology require research and development. Electrical and electronics engineers often lead this work.
Electrical engineers are working on new ways to make and distribute electricity, power generation systems, cars, or airplanes.
Electronics engineers create and design electronic components for consumer electronics, healthcare, or military use. They can also help design computer hardware.
About 325,000 people in the United States hold these jobs, according to the BLS. The demand for jobs in this field will increase as the United States updates utility systems, transportation infrastructure, and the power grid. Electrical and electronics engineers will also play a role in the development of automation technologies.
Education: Bachelor’s degree in information technology, engineering or mathematics
Median salary: $ 110,140
In the United States, approximately 1.5 million people work as developers of systems or application software. They develop programs like the Windows operating system or social media apps that run on your smartphone. The employment of software developers is expected to increase by 22% by 2030.
As digital devices connected to the Internet proliferate, more software developers are needed to develop and maintain these products and services. Some software developers focus on consumer-centric applications and services. Others work on systems that control entire networks.
Web developers and digital designers
Education: Bachelor’s degree in programming, computer science or digital design. Some employers will hire graduates from the web development bootcamp and others without a college degree.
Web developers need knowledge and experience in computer programming language. They should also be familiar with multimedia publishing applications.
Median salary: $ 77,200
Mandatory pandemic lockdowns, quarantines and travel restrictions have sped up global online commerce. International trade and development experts said e-commerce accounted for 19% of all retail sales in 2020. This is an increase from 16% in 2019.
In response, the demand for web developers is expected to increase. The growth in website development will likely focus on mobile devices, which are an essential part of everyday life and commerce for many.
Web developers also bring creative ideas to life by developing visual interfaces that are functional and appealing to clients and customers.
What is driving the demand for STEM jobs?
Many technological innovations and changes in employment – such as remote working, virtual learning, telehealth and automation – are likely to remain in the post-pandemic world.
Workers in STEM fields support these changes. As a result, the BLS predicts that occupations in STEM fields will likely increase by 8% by 2029.
Prospects for STEM careers
Seven of the ten fastest growing STEM careers, according to one analysis, are computer or math occupations. These jobs include information security analysts, statisticians, computer user support specialists, and computer systems analysts.
Two-thirds of new STEM jobs created through 2029 will be in computer-related occupations, according to the BLS.
The impact of the pandemic on STEM employment, and employment in general, is uncertain. To account for this uncertainty, the BLS has released revised 10-year employment projections. The BLS has studied how issues related to the pandemic will shape the job market in the long run.
They found that non-IT careers in STEM, such as epidemiology and medical sciences, also have strong growth prospects. Projections show that these fields will increase by 33% and 17% respectively until 2030.
This article has been reviewed by Sarah Holliday, MS, GCDF
Sarah Holliday is a Higher Education Administrator with over seven years of experience working with non-traditional and traditional students in areas related to career development, professional development and personal enrichment. Holliday also works as an assistant to teach English, career development and business courses.
Holliday holds a BA from the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, in Communication and Technology in English and an MA from Walden University in Instructional Design and Technology (Training and Performance Improvement). She is currently pursuing her Doctor of Science in Information and Interaction Design at the University of Baltimore. Holliday also has his Global Career Development Facilitator certificate from the Center for Credentialing and Education.
Sarah Holliday is a paid member of the Red Ventures Education Independent Review Network.