What does TPM 2.0 mean and why does Windows 11 require it? 2021 tips

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Windows 11 will officially release on October 5, 2021, and the new operating system introduces many cool features and a new UI update for the beloved platform. Most of the system requirements are fairly straightforward on modern systems, with the exception of TPM 2.0.

Most computers nowadays display it, but some don’t or have the old standard, TPM 1.0.

What is TPM and why is it needed?

TPM stands for Trusted Platform Module and it is a secure cryptoprocessor that resides on your motherboard or its processors. Using hardware-level encryption protects your device and the data stored on it by protecting the encryption keys generated by your computer.

It ensures that the encrypted drives remain encrypted and that the malware cannot access the fingerprint information you have on your laptop, etc. Although Windows 11 requires it, it is also present in Windows 10 and even Windows 7.

How to tell if you have TPM

There are two easy ways to check directly from Windows whether TPM 2.0 is enabled or not.

1. Checking the PC status

Open your computer’s Start menu and type “Check PC status”. An application will appear and you will just have to launch it to see if your PC is ready for Windows 11.

If you can see the dreaded red X, click on the results to see what’s missing; the app only gave a simple yes or no right after Microsoft announced Windows 11.

2. Device security menu

Click Start and type Windows Security and click Device Security from the left menu. There’s a chip icon there, with a very, very little green check mark if you already meet the TPM requirements.

Why does Windows 11 require TPM 2.0?

Having TPM 2.0 on a PC will allow both the computer and the operating system designed for it, such as Windows 11, to raise the bar in all areas of your PC. This will make connecting and encrypting your drives much easier.

However, the most important duty of TPM 2.0 is to help protect against some of the nastiest malware, such as rootkits. Since most rootkits even predate your operating system, this allows them to infect almost every aspect of your operating system or applications.

How to activate the Trusted Platform Module

Most of the processors listed have TPM 2.0 functionality built into the processor firmware, and you only need to enable it in BIOS / UEFI. For example, on the AMD processor, you can do the following:

  • Start in the configuration menu
  • Go to the Trusted Computing menu in the Security section
  • Activate “AMD CPU TPM”

However, if your chip does not have a TPM built into its firmware, then you can get a piece of hardware for your system and then your motherboard manual will say where on the board you would plug that chip into. TPM 2.0 modules are available from sites like Amazon and Newegg for under $ 50.

Final words: what does TPM 2.0 mean and why does Windows 11 require it?

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